概览

凭借数十年的石油、天然气和液化天然气(LNG)业务经验,我们对各类风险及行业特定问题了如指掌。孖士打(Mayer Brown)在石油天然气领域拥有骄人的法律服务往绩,所处理的事宜覆盖世界几乎所有出产油气的地方。

我们富有经验的国际油气律师分布在本所位于北京、休斯顿、香港、伦敦、墨西哥城、巴黎、里约热内卢、圣保罗、新加坡和东京的办事处,因此我们能针对世界任何地方的油气项目派出技能精湛且熟谙项目所在地语言和习俗的律师团队。

我们经常向国家及国际石油公司、独立勘探开发公司、能源服务公司、天然气和液体管道公司、LNG项目开发商、石化公司、炼制企业、贷款人及投资者提供法律服务,涵盖广泛的行业领域:

  • 勘探及生产作业
  • 与钻井及其他服务供应商、设备承包商及供应商的合同
  • 建筑施工合同
  • 联合作业协议、外国特许权及产品分成合同
  • 上游及中游开发 
  • 液化天然气项目开发及融资
  • 业主有限合伙制(MLP)
  • 在以上领域,我们处理的事项既有许多国家和司法辖区内的境内交易,也有更为复杂的跨境交易。我们在众多司法管辖区卓有建树,当中包括美国、加拿大、墨西哥、欧洲、中南美洲、加勒比、非洲、中亚、东南亚、中东等地区。 

在价值链的每一个环节提供增值服务

  • 上游。我们在石油天然气勘探、生产、加工及营销项目的开发及运作方面经验丰富,包括与政府或国有自然资源公司就勘探开采租约、许可证、产品支付、净利润权益、特许权及参与协议进行谈判。我们处理的项目涉及美国、北海、中东、西非、东南亚、俄罗斯、里海以及前苏联其他地区众多已投入运营的大型油气田。
  • 石油天然气合同。我们熟悉石油天然气行业特有的合同安排,能够协助客户处理最为错综复杂的法律问题,例如特许权合同、产品分成合同、参与协议、矿区使用费协议、联合投标协议、出让(farm-out)协议、油田联合开采协议、联合经营协议、LNG项目、交钥匙(turnkey)及其他施工合同、浮式生产储油卸油船(FPSO)建造合同、半潜式钻油台及其他钻油台、炼油合同、有关本土化要求的合同、设备和服务购买合同以及其他事宜。上述事宜均需由拥有广泛及多学科经验的律师团队办理。
  • 液化天然气。我们在该领域的客户包括:东道国政府;液化天然气液化项目发起人;陆上和浮式再气化终端的开发者和使用者;长期供应合同下以及现货市场上的液化天然气买家和卖家;参与LNG船、浮式储存和再气化装置(FSRU)及浮式储存装置(FSU)收购、租赁、建造和融资的拥有人、承租人和贷款人;参与液化天然气项目融资的贷款人;参与液化天然气项目权益买卖的买家和卖家。精通液化天然气行业各类事宜且经验丰富的律师事务所为数不多。我们认为,在少数能够有效而高效地服务于世界任何地方液化天然气行业客户的律所中,本所属于个中翘楚。
  • 页岩气。我们在非常规油气页岩项目方面经验丰富,经常协助行业参与者处理页岩资产收购、处置及运营,尤以发生在美国的此类交易为重。众所周知,美国是页岩项目发展最为成熟的国家。我们为规模最大的一些页岩合资企业提供法律服务,重点协助外国投资者把握美国页岩市场的机遇。我们曾协助加利福尼亚州最大的私人矿井业主审阅并修订其租赁协议(相当于其他司法管辖区的特许权/授权合同)范本,以适用于在加利福尼亚州进行页岩气开发。我们曾代表众多生产商处理其在美国主要页岩油气产区的各类事宜。
  • 油田服务及设备。我们经常为油气产业的服务商及设备供应商提供协助。从钻井服务及设备供应复杂协议的起草和谈判到争议仲裁,我们的律师为油田服务和设备公司提供广泛协助,在世界各地处理众多极具挑战性的工作。
  • 中游及输送。我们擅长为管道公司以及从事天然气和气液中游输送和加工的其他参与方提供法律服务。我们参与了世界各地天然气管道、原油管道、贮气设施、天然气加工及分馏装置、天然气采集系统的各方面事宜,涵盖建造、监管程序、融资、出售及/或收购交易,经验极为广泛。我们经常代表客户处理燃料供应协议、建造相关协议、运营维护输送协议、环境监管、项目开发、项目融资以及并购等事宜。对于在收购及投资交易中使用业主有限合伙制以及相关税务问题,我们也有独到的经验。
  • 石化及炼制。在美国、欧洲、中东及亚洲各地价值数以百万美元计的石化及炼制项目中,我们经常就设计、施工、调试及运行阶段的各类事宜提供法律服务。我们还向当地及国际贷款人和借款人就各类政府法规提供法律意见,涵盖环境监管合规要求、许可要求等方面。

执业经验

Select Global Oil & Gas Experience

Angola

  • Represented participants in the Angola LNG Project, the first LNG project in Angola, which has been pursued to eliminate the flaring of associated natural gas produced with Angola’s off-shore oil production by monetizing the natural gas for the benefit of the project sponsors and the government of Angola. While at other firms, lawyers who are now part of Mayer Brown’s LNG team collectively represented all of the major participants in the project, including acting as lead project counsel; representing Sonangol, the Angolan national oil company in its role as the concessionaire of all oil and gas rights in Angola; representing Sonangol’s subsidiary, Sonangol Gas Natural in its role as a 22.8 percent investor in the project; and representing the Government of Angola in respect of the project.
  • Represented Cameron International in relation to structuring their business operations in Angola regarding a tender for a US $2 billion subsea project offshore Angola.*
  • Represented Sonangol E.P., the national oil company of Angola, in the $1.3 billion acquisition of the Luanda Refinery and related exploration and production assets.*

Australia

  • Representing a major LNG transporter on its bid for an LNG import project in Australia.

Azerbaijan

  • Represented Axpo Trading AG in connection with agreements establishing the TAP consortium for Shah Deniz II.

Brunei

  • Represented a Japanese trading house in the acquisition of two upstream blocks in offshore Brunei.

Brazil

  • Represented China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC) on its successful bid as a member of the consortium that was awarded the production sharing contract for the development of the Libra pre-salt oil discovery in the Santos Basin offshore Brazil, with total investment commitments in excess to US$200 billion.*
  • Represented Total S.A. in a complex cross-border operation involving the acquisition of two fully operational natural gas power plants and several oil and gas assets from Petrobras, in the amount of approximately US$2.2 billion.* 
  • Acted for the sponsor, Odebrecht S.A., on the $1.5 billion financing of two deep sea drilling vessels for operation off the coast of Brazil.*
  • Represented SK Energy Co., Ltd. in the $2.4 billion sale of its Brazilian upstream oil and gas subsidiary to Maersk Oil.*

Canada

  • Advised TransCanada Corporation in its sale of Gas Transmission Northwest LLC (GTN) and Bison PipeLine LLC to TC PipeLines, LP, its MLP subsidiary.
  • Represented Teachers Insurance and Annuity Association of America (TIAA) on the CAN$257 million acquisition of TUSK Energy Corporation, a Canada-based oil and gas exploration company, by Polar Star Canadian Oil and Gas, Inc., a venture indirectly owned by TIAA. 

Chile

  • Represented two Chilean mining companies in the negotiation and drafting of a terminal use agreement for the Mejillones LNG regasification terminal in northern Chile.
  • Represented an electric generation company as lead counsel in the development of an LNG terminal in central Chile with a Floating Storage Regasification Unit (FSRU) and the procurement of LNG.
  • Represented Empresa Nacional del Petróleo (ENAP) in connection with a transaction with PetroMagallanes to secure a 100% interest in the Brotula and Caupolican oil & gas blocks located in the southern Magallanes región of Chile.
  • Representing a Chilean company in the development of an integrated LNG regasification and power generation project in Chile. 

China

  • Advising the largest Chinese State-owned oil company over a petroleum contract dispute with the claim of $1.8 billion.
  • Represented Mitsui O.S.K. Lines Ltd. and China Shipping Development Company Ltd. in relation to a project for the acquisition, financing and long-term time charter of four liquefied natural gas (LNG) carriers with a combined value of up to $1 billion to be built by Hudong-Zhonghua Shipbuilding (Group) Co., Ltd., a subsidiary of China State Shipbuilding Corporation.
  • Represented Beijing Enterprises Holdings on the acquisition of a 22.01% interest for approximately US$1.1 billion in China Gas Holdings from its state-owned parent company. 

Colombia

  • Advised Ecopetrol S.A. in the negotiation of a joint venture with Anadarko for the joint exploration and development of Fuerte Norte, Fuerte Sur and other oil and gas blocks offshore Colombia.
  • Represented Ecopetrol in the negotiation of operating agreements for two oil and gas E&P unconventional blocks in Colombia.
  • Represented Ecopetrol as international counsel in connection with the $3.3 billion project for the modernization and expansion of the Barrancabermeja Refinery, Colombia's largest refinery.
  • Represented consortium, Termobarranquilla S.A. E.S.P., Termocandelaria S.C.A. E.S.P. and Zona Franca Celsia S.A. E.S.P. on the drafting and negotiation of LNG regasification services agreements for the first-ever LNG Regasification Terminal in Colombia.

Dominican Republic

  • Representing a major US power generation company in the development of an LNG receiving terminal and the construction of an associated pipeline to serve power plants and industrial customers in the San Pedro de Marcoris area.

Ecuador

  • Represented Petroamazonas EP, in negotiating risk service contracts for optimization, secondary and enhanced recovery services on 16 mature fields in Ecuador, with estimated investments of over $2 billion.
  • Represented Repsol Ecuador S.A., in the sale of 100% of its ownership interest in Amodaimi Oil Company, Ltd. to Tiptop Energy Ltd, subsidiary of Sinopec (China).
  • Represented Noble Energy in its $97 million disposition of its assets in Ecuador, consisting of the Amistad natural gas field in the Gulf of Guayaquil and the Machala Power electric generation concession and associated assets, to the Republic of Ecuador.

Egypt

  • Representing a consortium of lenders in a $7.3 billion naptha-based petrochemical project in Egypt.
  • Advised International Finance Corporation in connection with the limited recourse financing of the Qarun oil and gas concession development in the Western desert of Egypt.

Equatorial Guinea

  • Represented PetroSA in relation to the negotiation and execution of PSC agreements with Equatorial Guinea.*

Gabon

  • Represented Harvest Natural Resources, Inc., in the divestment of its participating interest in Dussafu Marin oil and gas license offshore Gabon.

Germany

  • Advised Klesch & Company Limited on the acquisition of Shell’s oil refinery business and assets in Heide, Germany. 

Indonesia

  • Representing a leading trading house on its proposed provision of ship management services to a large scale LNG-to-power project.

Iraq

  • Advised Genel Energy International on the $4.2 billion merger with Vallares PLC creating a London-listed oil and gas champion focused on the Kurdistan Region of Iraq.

Mexico

  • Advised Pemex in connection with the negotiations of the 2012 International Treaty between Mexico and the United States for the joint development of cross-border hydrocarbons resources in the Gulf of Mexico.

Mozambique

  • Represented Petronas in the negotiation of a Petroleum Exploration and Production Contract in the Mozambique Rovuma basin.*
  • Represented Sasol on various legal issues dealing with the utilization of the Mozambique-South Africa pipeline.*
  • Representing a project sponsor in connection with its interest in the Rovuma Basin Area 4 Offshore Block and the Mozambique LNG Project.

Nigeria

  • Advised Canaccord Genuity in connection with its role as nominated adviser and broker on the admission to AIM of Eland Oil & Gas and an associated equity placement to enable it to acquire oil mineral lease (OML)40 in the Niger Delta from Shell, Total and ENI.
  • Represented Petrobras Nigeria in relation to the development of the Engina Project field with participating parties Total Upstream Nigeria in partnership with CNOOC and Sapetro and Petrobras.*
  • Represented Halliburton Company on an asset sale of lift boat operations in Nigeria to Hercules Offshore Inc. for approximately $55 million in cash.
  • Represented Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation in the drafting of the Biofuels Law for Nigeria.

Nicaragua

  • Represented Noble Energy in the negotiation and drafting of two farm out agreements and the operating agreement for two hydrocarbon concessions offshore Nicaragua.

Panama

  • Represented Petroleos Delta, an affiliate of Banco General (Panama), in the acquisition of various gas stations in Panama and Costa Rica owned by Royal Dutch Shell. Petroleos Delta is the leading Panamanian fuel distributor in the country with 115 service stations.

Peru

  • Represented Pluspetrol in connection with its sale of all of its 12.38% equity interest in Transportadora de Gas del Perú S.A. (“TGP”). TGP owns and operates Peru’s largest natural gas and natural gas liquids transportation infrastructure, connecting the Camisea fields to industrial centers of Lima and Pisco.
  • Representing Korea National Oil Corporation and Ecopetrol in connection with matters related to their investment in Savia Peru, an oil and gas joint venture focused on exploration, production and development activities in offshore Peru.

Saudi Arabia

  • Advised BP and subsequent sponsors on the $4.5 billion project development of a downstream petrochemicals facility in Saudi Arabia.

Sierra Leon

  • Advised an international oil company in evaluating a farm-in opportunity offshore Sierra Leone.

South Africa

  • Advised Chevron Corporation on its gas-to-liquids joint venture with Sasol Limited (South Africa) to convert natural hydrocarbon gas to liquid fuels.

Tanzania

  • Represented a major oil company as co-sponsor of an LNG project in Tanzania in collaboration with the owners of multiple deep water blocks. The role included advising on the terms of a Host Government Agreement between the host government, the national oil company, and the international oil companies.

United Kingdom

  • Represented ATP Oil and Gas Corporation and its wholly owned subsidiary, ATP Oil & Gas (UK) Limited on its novel “pre-packaged” restructuring and sale of the entity under UK insolvency laws to Alpha Petroleum (UK) Limited for US$1.3 billion.
  • Represented Gulf Oil in its $1.045 billion acquisition of Houghton International Inc., a leading international supplier of metal finish fluids and industrial lubricants, from AEA Investors LP.

United States

  • Represented TransCanada Corporation on its US$13 billion acquisition of Columbia Pipeline Group, Inc., a US company that operates a network of interstate natural gas pipelines from New York to the Gulf of Mexico.
  • Advised Sinochem Group on its $1.7 billion acquisition of oil and natural gas leasehold acres held by Pioneer Natural Resources Company in the horizontal Wolfcamp shale play in west Texas.
  • Acted as lead bankruptcy counsel to debtor, ATP Oil and Gas Corporation in one of the largest bankruptcy filings of an offshore exploration and production company in recent years.
  • Represented Ecopetrol America Inc., a US subsidiary of the Colombia-based Ecopetrol S.A., the Colombian national oil company, in the acquisition of an interest in the K2 Field in the US Gulf of Mexico from MCX Gulf of Mexico LLC, a subsidiary of Mitsubishi.
  • Advised Talos Energy in its acquisition of Energy Resource Technology GOM, Inc. from Helix Energy Solutions Group, Inc. 
  • Represented Rosetta Resources, Inc. in the $200 million divestiture of its Sacramento Basin oil and gas assets in California to Vintage Petroleum LLC.
  • Represented a Canadian oil and gas company in respect of its acquisition and development of oil and gas properties in the Uintah Basin. 

Venezuela

  • Represented the Special Committee of the Board of Directors of Harvest Natural Resources, Inc. on the sale by Harvest’s wholly-owned subsidiary, HNR Energia B.V., of its 51 percent interest in Harvest-Vinccler Dutch Holding BV, which owned Harvest's Venezuelan oil and gas interests, to CT Energy Holding SRL.

Vietnam

  • Represented a Japanese multinational conglomerate on a potential acquisition of interests owned by ConocoPhillips, consisting of its stake in two Vietnam offshore oil fields and the Nam Con Son gas pipeline.

 

* Transaction led by Mayer Brown’s associated firm in Brazil, Tauil & Chequer Advogados.