Thailand's Ministry of Interior issued a Ministerial Regulation ("Regulation") on 29 October 2009 to expand and amend the list of controlled-use buildings.
Controlled-use buildings are buildings which, because of their intended use, are subject to inspection and certification before they may be used. This requirement applies to newly constructed buildings and buildings changing their use. The Building Control Act B.E. 2522 (1979) ("Act") places the onus on the owner or whoever is in possession of the building to arrange for the inspection or apply for a change of use permit.
Previously, the following buildings were listed as controlled-use buildings:
As a result of technological and economic developments, a number of buildings have been built or modified to accommodate purposes which did not exist at the time the Act and previous regulations were passed. The new Regulation was enacted to bring building regulations in line with the current situation.
Four new types of controlled-use buildings have been identified, as follows:
In addition, the following three existing controlled-use buildings have been amended:
The Regulation clarifies that the area of operation includes hallways, restrooms and bathrooms.
The penalties for failing to comply with the Regulation are imprisonment of not more than three months, a fine of not more than THB 60,000, or both. The owner or person in possession of the building will also be fined up to THB 10,000 daily throughout the period of violation and the local authority may suspend the building's operations.
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Araya Akomsoonthorn ( )
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