The US Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) has published a notice of availability of its “Draft Land-Based Wind Energy Guidelines,” which establish a comprehensive methodology for evaluating and addressing impacts to affected species as a result of land-based wind energy projects. Among other significant changes from prior guidance, the Guidelines include extensive requirements for pre-development and postconstruction monitoring and apply expanded “adaptive management” concepts that could require assessment and implementation of operational changes on an ongoing basis.

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