On 13 May 2009, the European Commission fined Intel Corporation €1.06 billion ($1.441 billion) for violating EC Treaty antitrust rules (Article 82 EC Treaty) on abuse of a dominant market position by engaging in illegal anticompetitive practices to exclude competitors from the market for Central Processing Unit computer chips. The Intel decision is important because it is the first case since the Commission's publication of the principles and concepts of analysis of exploitative abuse contained in the Commission's 2008 Guidance on this subject. While the decision may not be publicly available for some time, the decision does send a strong message about the Commission's determination to enhance its enforcement in dominance cases.

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