12 March 2009 - The American Recovery & Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA), signed into law on February 17, 2009, includes significant changes to the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA). More specifically, Title XIII of ARRA, known as the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act, greatly expands the HIPAA obligations of “Covered Entities” and “Business Associates.”